Improving Outcomes in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. Module A. Pr
This module offers an introduction to two major, chronic and idiopathic inflammatory bowel diseases: ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease (CD), both of which cause inflammation and swelling of the digestive or gastrointestinal (GI) tract. In tracing how the illnesses came to be known, the module shows how these illnesses are, in their way, sleeper diseases: more common than many people realize, and more costly. The module differentiates between UC and CD (for instance, how UC tends to cause inflammation and ulcers in the lining of the rectum and colon, while CD tends to occur in portions along the entire digestive tract), and how IBD manifests among children as well as different ethnic groups. Finally, the module looks at some possible causes of IBD, such as genetic and environmental factors, diet and smoking.